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Neural issue42.jpg
Neural issue 42 cover
Format Print
Editor Alessandro Ludovico, Ivan Iusco
Publisher Neural
Origin Bari, Italy
Language Italian/English
Frequency Trannually
Active November 1993 - Present
Topics Cyberpunk, Hacktivism, Art, Technology
Number of Issues 25 (Italian), 27 (English)
Follows NA
Precedes NA
Associated Publications NA

Neural is a printed magazine established in 1993 dealing with new media art, electronic music and hacktivism. It was founded by Alessandro Ludovico and Minus Habens Records label owner Ivan Iusco in Bari (Italy). In its first issue (distributed in November 1993) there was the only translation in Italian of the William Gibson's Agrippa (a book of the dead) book.

The first topics covered were: cyberpunk (both as a literally and political movement), electronic music, networks and BBS, virtual reality, media, science fiction and UFO. The magazine's mission was to be a magazine of ideas, becoming a node in a larger network of digital culture publishers. The magazine was also committed to give its topics a proper visual frame: focusing on graphic design and how it could have expressed the electronic culture in a sort of printed 'interface', exploiting at the same time the "sensorial" possibilities of the printed page. So, for example the page numbering was strictly in binary numbers for three years, then decimal figures were added aside. There was a department with stereogram pictures and the centerfold hosted a few optical art artworks. The graphic design included a fixed space in every article for contact and links, being inspired by the Whole Earth Catalog experiments.

In issue #18 the centerfold was dedicated to an hacktivist fake. It was made by fake stickers, created by the Italian hacker laboratories' network. These fake stickers were sarcastically simulating the real ones that are mandatory stuck on any book or compact disc sold in Italy, because of the law supporting the SIAE, the local Author's and Musicians' Society. On the one published on Neural is written 'suggested duplication on any media'.

In 1997 the first Neural website was established, and it is updated daily since September 2000. The Neural website is bi-lingual (English and Italian).

In 1998, the topics were restricted to three: media art, with a peculiar attention to the networked and conceptual use of technology in art (the so-called, hacktivism, or activism using electronic media to express itself and electronic music, investigating how the technology is involved in music production, consumption and experimentation.

In May 2002, Neural was one of the founding members of, electronic cultural publishers, an international network of magazines, whose slogan is "Collaboration is Better than Competition". This network was founded during the conference and workshop "Post Media Publishing" that took place at the Universidad International de Andalucia, in Seville (Spain). Since then, a few meetings, mutual workshops and presentations were done in various countries, and three Readers were published as well.

In 2004, was awarded with an Honorary Mention in the category of the Prix Ars Electronica 2004.

In 2007, Neural was part of the Documenta 12 magazines project and Alessandro Ludovico was appointed as an advisor.

Neural magazine started as a bi-monthly but since 1997 it was printed three times in a year (some years it was printed irregularly). It was printed originally in Italian, but since 2003 there were two different printed editions: in English and Italian. The Italian printed edition was discontinued in 2008.


Original Italian Edition

Issue User Link Notes
Issue #1, Agrippa
Issue #2, Dream Machine
Issue #3, Realtà Virtuali e Guerra
Issue #1 nuova serie, Bruce Sterling
Issue #2 nuova serie, Brain Machines
Issue #3 nuova serie, Videogames
Issue #4 nuova serie, Wired
Issue #5 nuova serie, Intrusioni Cerebrali
Issue #6 nuova serie, BBS copyright non è reato
Issue #10, Telefoni cellulari, i danni biologici
Issue #11, William Gibson
Issue #12, Next World Radio
Issue #13, Dead Media
Issue #14, Scanner
Issue #15, Lassigue Bendthaus
Issue #16, Etoy
Issue #17, RTMark
Issue #18, Marcus Novak
Issue #19, Richard Stallman
Issue #20, Hacktive Community
Issue #21, Breaking the Rules
Issue #22, Facing Reality
Issue #23, Hacking the Air
Issue #24, Media Interventionists
Issue #25, Copyright Guerrilla

English Edition

Issue User Link Notes
Issue #20, Hacktive Community
Issue #21, Breaking the Rules
Issue #22, Facing Reality
Issue #23, Hacking the Air
Issue #24, Geek Girls
Issue #25, Media Interventionists
Issue #26, Disturbing the System
Issue #27, Copyright Guerrilla
Issue #28, Data Error
Issue #29, Digital China
Issue #30, Dangerous Games
Issue #31, Information Value
Issue #32, Machine Affection
Issue #33, Scripting Green
Issue #34, Fake'ology
Issue #35, Friends?
Issue #36, Time Deceptions
Issue #37, Common Spacing
Issue #38, p2p > f2f
Issue #39, Multiplied Identities
Issue #40, The Generative Unexpected
Issue #41, Addiction(s)
Issue #42, The Illegal Issue
Issue #43, Networked Tangibility
Issue #44, Post-Digital Print (postscript)
Issue #45, Américas!
Issue #46, Unearthed: The 20th Anniversary Issue

External Links

Official Site